Dwarfism occurs when an organism is exceptionally small. In cases of proportionate dwarfism , both the limbs and torso are unusually small. Intelligence is usually normal, and most have a nearly normal life expectancy. Those with genetic disorders can sometimes be treated with surgery or physical therapy. Hormone disorders can also be treated with growth hormone therapy before the child's growth plates fuse.
How are the terms "dwarf," "little person," and "person of short stature" commonly used?
Dwarfism - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
The most common type of dwarfism is achondroplasia ay-kon-dreh-PLAY-zyuh. Most types of dwarfism are caused by a genetic change mutation in the egg or sperm cells before conception. Others happen because of genetic changes inherited from one or both parents. Depending on the type of dwarfism, two average-size parents can have a child with short stature. What makes a gene mutate is not yet well understood. The change seems to be random and unpreventable, and can happen in any pregnancy.
The most common type of dwarfism is achondroplasia pronounced: ay-kon-dreh-PLAY-zyuh. Most types of dwarfism are caused by a genetic change mutation in an egg or sperm cell that happens before the start of pregnancy conception. Others happen because of a genetic change s inherited from one or both parents. Genetic changes happen randomly.
Error: This is required. Error: Not a valid value. Most people with dwarfism lead relatively long and healthy lives, and the main problem they face is discrimination.